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“Man-made collection of materials, tools and techniques for relaying information, which is, as a whole, unique from other information media.”
A man-made object which isn’t designed to convey information, like a chair, isn’t a piece of information media. It exists to be sat on. If one can derive information from it, outside of that function, they just have a vivid imagination.
Each medium has its own set of possibilities which, while individually might be shared between other media, together form a unique whole. For instance audio-visuals are shared between many mediums.
(From now on referred to simply as “medium” and “media”)
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“Media which is designed to convey meaningful and compelling information by its authors.”
A piece of media with only a function, like a map or a diner menu, isn’t artistic media. It exists to inform and nothing more. If one can derive meaningful and compelling information from it outside of that function, they just have a vivid imagination.
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“A piece of media which conveys meaningful and compelling information to the user by utilizing the unique possibilities of its medium to a high degree.”
This definition is composed of two parts.
1.) Whether something can be art (the objective part).
“A piece of media which uses the unique possibilities of its medium to a high degree.”
What constitutes as a high degree in this context is debatable, but otherwise it’s pretty straightforward.
2.) And whether that something is art (the subjective part).
“A piece of media which conveys meaningful and compelling information”
The author of the artistic media has injected their own kind of meaningful and compelling information into the work, but whether it affects all users in the same way is completely up to chance.
To sum up: What one finds meaningful might not mean a thing to another.